Past Continuous — минулий тривалий час

Час Past Continuous вказує на процес, що відбувався в минулому, тобто якщо ми вживаємо Past Continuous, то ми підкреслюємо якийсь конкретний процес та вказуємо на нього.

>When you called I was taking shower.
Я приймав душ, коли ти зателефонував.

>Charlie and me were already driving home when the engine suddenly stopped.
Ми з чарлі верталися додому, коли двигун раптово заглох.

Формування Past Continuous

Стверджувальна форма:

I was playing / We were playing
You were playing / You were playing
He / she / it was playing / They were playing

Питання:

I was playing / We were playing
You were playing / You were playing
He/she/it was playing / They were playing

Заперечення:

I was not playing / We were not playing
You were not playing / You were not playing
He/she/it was not playing / They were not playing

Для того, щоб поставити дієслово у форму Past Continuous, потрібне допоміжне дієслово to be в минулому часі та дієприкметник теперішнього часу (Participle I) присудка.

To be в минулому часі має дві форми:

was – 1 і 3 особа од. ч. (I was smoking. He was eating.)
were – 2 особа од. ч. і всі форми мн. ч. (They were laughing.)

У питальних реченнях допоміжне дієслово ставиться на місце перед підметом, а головне дієслово залишається після нього:

Were you sleeping when I called? You sounded drowsy.
Ти спав, коли я дзвонив? Ти здавався сонним.

One comment

  1. Олександр Отенко

    В питальному реченні порядок слів інший, ніж приведений у темі Past Continuous (див. нижче). Це помилка, чи я чогось не зрозумів?

    Питання:

    I was playing / We were playing
    You were playing / You were playing
    He/she/it was playing / They were playing

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